Pain in lower back: Causes include vitamin d deficiency


Lower back pain symptoms vary both in terms of intensity and cause but most people have what is commonly known as ‘non-specific back pain’. This means there’s no clearly attributable or specific cause (such as an underlying medical condition). “It means that often tests can’t really help because no specific damage to the spine or muscles around it would show up on them,” explains Bupa.

In one controlled study, people with vitamin D deficiency were nearly twice as likely to experience bone pain in their legs, ribs or joints compared to those with blood levels in the normal range.

The relationship suggests that replenishing your vitamin D levels may have a remedial effect on back pain.

If you are struggling to get enough vitamin D through sunlight, there are alternative sources you can tap into.

Vitamin D is found in a small number of foods, such as oily fish, red meat and liver, according to the NHS.

Another source of vitamin D is dietary supplements.

“You can buy vitamin D supplements or vitamin drops containing vitamin D (for under 5s) at most pharmacies and supermarkets,” says the NHS.

In fact, The Department of Health and Social Care recommends that you take a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D throughout the year if you:

  • Are not often outdoors – for example, if you’re frail or housebound
  • Are in an institution like a care home
  • Usually wear clothes that cover up most of your skin when outdoors.

If you have dark skin – for example you have an African, African-Caribbean or south Asian background – you may also not get enough vitamin D from sunlight.

It is important to note that exceeding the recommended amount of vitamin D can incur health risks.

“Taking too many vitamin D supplements over a long period of time can cause too much calcium to build up in the body (hypercalcaemia),” warns the NHS.

This can weaken the bones and damage the kidneys and the heart.

“If you choose to take vitamin D supplements, 10 micrograms a day will be enough for most people,” adds the NHS.

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