History, Significance of This Festival in Sikkim, and Lord Buddha’s Teachings


Drukpa Tshe-zi is an auspicious occasion for all Buddhists across the world. Being one of the most significant events in Buddhism, the government of Sikkim marks the day by observing a bank holiday. Drukpa Tshe-zi falls on the fourth day, called Tshe-zi, of the sixth month, called Drukpa, of the Tibetan lunar calendar and hence the name, Drukpa Tshe-zi.

The occasion is important for Buddhists as it is the day when Lord Buddha gave his first sermon on the Four Noble Truths at Deer Park in Sarnath, roughly 2,500 years ago. Buddha, after attaining enlightenment, gave the sermon to his first five disciples – Anjanata Kaudinya, Ashvajit, Vaspa, Bradrika, and Mahanama.

As the tale goes, Buddha, after the enlightenment, set out to give teachings for the first time. A thousand thrones appeared before him. After performing the circumambulation of the first three thrones, Lord Buddha sat on the fourth throne in a cross-legged posture. Thousands of devotees appeared where Buddha sat to hear him preach.

On the morning of Drukpa Tshe-zi, Buddha did not speak at all. He remained silent which gave the devotees the time to clear their minds. At noon, Buddha spoke and talked about various subjects. This is when he talked about the Four Noble Truths, which hold the essence of Buddha’s teachings.

  1. The first was the Truth Of The Cause Of Suffering known as Dukkha.
  2. The second was the Truth Of The Origin Of Suffering called Samudaya.
  3. Then came the third truth which was the Truth Of The End Of Suffering called Nirodha.
  4. And the fourth truth was the Truth Of The Path that led to the end of suffering called Marga. This Marga was what led to Nirvana. The four truths denoted the journey that humans go through before reaching Nirvana, an amalgamation of inner peace, happiness, and compassion.

To mark this day, the Government of Sikkim announced it as a bank holiday in the state. On this day, monasteries across the state hold prayers and religious ceremonies. The devotees and the pilgrims offer prayers to Lord Buddha and light butter lamps for the well-being of sentient beings.

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